Blog Post

Different Types of Brain Injury Caused by Trauma

The Law Offices of Adrian Crane, P.C. April 28, 2015

If you suspect that you have suffered what you think is even a mild concussion or other traumatic brain injury, you owe it to yourself to contact a lawyer at The Law Offices of Adrian Crane.

Car and truck accidents often result in brain trauma. Especially likely to cause a traumatic brain injury is a side impact collision wherein the vehicle occupant strikes the glass or side post of the car. Modern automotive glass is extremely strong and your head and brain are no match; even if the glass was not broken by impacting your head, you may have suffered a mild or even a severe brain injury.

Traumatic brain injury can have far-reaching physical and psychological effects.

A traumatic brain injury affects an estimated 1.7 million people each year; one occurs approximately every 18 seconds in the United States. This staggering number of Americans afflicted with brain injury requires that brain injury research, prevention precautions, and support be made available.

In an effort to educate the public in regard to brain injuries that can occur as a result of a traumatic accident, especially a car or truck accident, the following brief information will help one understand the various types of brain injuries that can occur from trauma.

Signs and Symptoms of Traumatic Brain Injury

Some signs or symptoms may appear immediately after a traumatic event, while other signs and symptoms may appear days or even weeks later.

The signs and symptoms of mild traumatic brain injury may include:

  • Loss of consciousness for anywhere from a few seconds to a few minutes

  • No loss of consciousness, but a state of being dazed, disoriented or confused

  • Concentration or memory problems

  • Headache; mild or severe to migraine like symptoms

  • Dizziness

  • Loss of balance

  • Nausea

  • Vomiting

  • Blurred vision

  • Ringing in the ears

  • Strange or bad taste in the mouth

  • Sensitivity to light

  • Sensitivity to sound

  • Mood changes or swings

  • Feelings of depression or anxiety

  • Fatigue

  • Drowsiness

  • Difficulty sleeping or falling asleep

  • Sleeping more than usual; difficulty or inability to wake up

Moderate to Severe Traumatic Brain Injuries

Moderate to severe traumatic brain injuries can include any of the signs and symptoms of mild injury as appearing above, as well as the following symptoms that may appear within the first few hours or days after a head or brain injury:

  • Loss of consciousness; anywhere from several minutes to several hours

  • Severe or profound confusion

  • Unusual behavior such as agitation or combativeness

  • Slurred speech; especially to the point of difficulty in being understood

  • Partial or complete inability to awaken from sleep

  • Weakness and/or numbness in hands, fingers, feet and toes

  • Loss of or decreased coordination

  • Persistent and/or worsening headache or headache

  • Repeated and/or severe vomiting or nausea

  • Convulsions and/or seizures

  • Dilation of the pupils of the eyes

  • Fluids draining from the nose or ears

Children’s Symptoms

Infants and young children with brain injuries may lack the communication skills to report headaches, sensory problems, confusion and similar symptoms. In a child with traumatic brain injury, you may observe:

  • A change in eating, sucking or nursing habits

  • Persistent crying with an inability to be consoled

  • Unexplained, unusual or easy irritability

  • Changes in an ability to pay attention

  • Change in sleeping habits

  • Sadness or depression; lethargy

  • Loss of interest in favorite activities or toys

When to See a Doctor

Always see your doctor if you or your child has received a blow to the head or body that concerns you or causes any significant behavioral changes. Seek emergency medical care if there are any signs or symptoms of severe traumatic brain injury following a recent blow or other traumatic injury to the head such as that caused by any type of vehicular accident such as a side impact, rear-end collision or head-on collision. Even if the head has not directly come into contact with any part of a vehicle, a brain injury may have occurred.

The terms “mild,” “moderate” and “severe” are used to describe the effects of the injury on the brains functioning. A mild injury to the brain is still a serious injury that requires prompt attention and an accurate diagnosis.

Seeking medical care as soon as a brain injury is suspected is imperative.

Traumatic Brain Injury (TBI)

Traumatic brain injuries affect almost 2 million people every year. Traumatic brain injuries are brain injuries resulting from an external force causing an alteration in brain function or other evidence of a change in brain pathology, usually caused by sudden brain movement inside the cranium.

Acquired Brain Injury (ABI)

Acquired brain injury is a more general term which includes external force as a cause, but also covers any injury occurring after birth that is not hereditary, congenital, or degenerative.

Cerebral Aneurysm

Brain aneurysms can be congenital or can be developed later in life. There are many types of cerebral aneurysms which affect people very differently. However, all aneurysms are caused by weakened areas in the blood vessels around the brain, which causes the vessel to bulge.

Epilepsy and Seizures

Epilepsy is a seizure disorder caused by permanently disturbed brain activity that causes the brain to send out abnormal signals. This seizure disorder can be caused by a traumatic injury to the brain, a stroke, an infection, or a congenital brain injury.

Brain injuries almost always affect the whole person, not just the brain or parts of cognition. They not only affect the victim, but also their friends, family members, and loved ones.

If you or a loved one have been involved in any kind of automobile or truck accident in which brain injury has been sustained, the lawyers of The Law Offices of Adrian Crane are here to help you and your family.

For more information please call an attorney at The Law Offices of Adrian Crane or contact us through the form on this website. If you have been involved in any type of car or truck accident which you believe may have resulted in any type of brain injury, you owe it to yourself and your family to get competent representation by an attorney who understands and cares about you and your rights.